Common Psychiatric Emergency List and Types

Psychiatric Emergency: Types, Common List, Goals

What is Psychiatric Emergency Condition?

A psychiatric emergency is any disturbance in thoughts, feelings or actions for which immediate therapeutic intervention is necessary.

Emergency psychiatry is the clinical application of psychiatry in emergency settings. Conditions requiring psychiatric interventions may include attempted suicide, substance abuse, depression, psychosis, violence or other rapid changes in behavior.

Psychiatric emergency types
Fig: Psychiatric emergency types

A psychiatric emergency is an acute disturbance of behavior, thought or mood of a patient which if untreated may lead to harm, either to the individual or to others in the environment.

Classification or Types of Psychiatric Emergency Conditions:

  1. Major emergencies: suicidal patients; agitated and aggressive patients.
  2. Minor emergencies: grief reaction; rape; disaster; panic attack.
  3. Medical emergencies: delirium; neuroleptic malignant syndrome; serotonin syndrome, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAO)/tyramine reactions; over dosages of common psychiatric medications; over dosages and withdrawal from addicting substances.

You can read: Management of Emerging Situation During Child Birth

Common Psychiatric Emergency Conditions:

Common emergency psychiatric conditions for hospital admission have listed in the below:

  • Excitement and violence,
  • Stupor,
  • Delirium,
  • Attempted suicide,
  • Panic attacks,
  • Epilepsy related emergencies,
  • Alcohol and other addictive drugs related psychiatric emergencies,
  • Antipsychotic drugs induced psychiatric emergencies,
  • Lithium toxicity,
  • Refusal of food.

Zeller’s Six Goals of Emergency Psychiatric Care:

Zeller’s six goals of emergency psychiatric care are-

  1. Exclude medical etiologies for symptoms,
  2. Rapid stabilization of acute crisis,
  3. Avoid coercion,
  4. Treat in the least restrictive setting,
  5. Forma therapeutic alliance,
  6. Appropriate disposition and aftercare plan.

Approaches Towards Psychiatric Emergency:

It includes the following:

  • Brief history to be taken,
  • Assess the possibility of any probable precipitating factor,
  • Assess the distress and extreme behavior pattern,
  • Assess the degree of seriousness.

Reasons to Setup Psychiatric Emergency:

It includes-

  • The patient may be a source of danger to himself or to others because of his mental state.
  • The patient’s relatives may be extremely anxious regarding the patient’s condition.
  • The patient may create disturbances in the community to an intolerant and unmanageable degree.
  • The patient may be in extreme and unbearable distress.

What is Mental Health and Child Birth?

Mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety, or obsessive-compulsive disorder may surface during or after pregnancy. Additionally, birth-related post-traumatic stress disorder or a severe but rare condition called postpartum psychosis can happen following childbirth.

Why is it important to maintain mental health during pregnancy?

It’s important to treat mental health issues that occur during pregnancy. Mothers who are depressed, anxious or have other mental health issues might not take care of themselves, or they may use drugs or alcohol during the pregnancy. All of these things can harm a growing baby.

What is the most common mental hHealth problem experienced during pregnancy and after birth?

Depression and anxiety are the most common mental health problems in pregnancy. These affect about 10 to 15 out of every 100 pregnant women.

More questions related to this article:

  • Define psychiatric emergency.
  • What do you mean by psychiatric emergency?
  • Classify psychiatric emergency.
  • Mention the types of psychiatric emergency.
  • Name some psychiatric emergency condition.
  • List the psychiatric emergencies.
  • What are the emergency psychiatric conditions for hospital admission?
  • Write down the common psychiatry emergency.
  • Mention the name of common psychiatric emergency.
  • Enlist the Zeller’s six goals of Emergency Psychiatric Care.
  • State the approaches towards psychiatric emergency.
  • Enumerate the reasons to set-up psychiatric emergency.

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